Special Waste Associates

David E.B. Nightingale, CHMM

Mr. Nightingale's career has focused on the management of household hazardous waste (HHW) and conditionally exempt small quantity generator (CESQG) wastes since 1987. He has performed on-site visits and operator interviews at over 115 HHW and CESQG collection facilities in the U.S. and Canada. He assists clients with the operations, design, policy, and planning of local hazardous waste programs.

Mr. Nightingale has extensive experience in both the private and public sector. He worked for two national engineering consulting firms (9 years), and a state environmental agency (10 years), before forming his own company, Special Waste Associates. From initial strategic master planning for site development through final design reviews, he has provided value to HHW collection projects across the country. Mr. Nightingale works for communities seeking to improve their level of service or increase their collection system performance through evaluations of existing operations, transitioning from collection events to permanent facilities, expanding or remodeling facilities, or otherwise improving the efficiency of programs.


B.S., Engineering, University of Washington, 1987

B.A., Business Administration, Western Washington University, 1980

Experience and Background

HHW/CESQG Collection Infrastructure and Operations

Tillamook County, Oregon -- Contracted by Oregon Dept. of Environmental Quality to provide technical specialty services as the county plans, programs and designs a new permanent HHW collection facility. Challenging site with steep slopes, driving rain and limited budget required creative use of materials and equipment. Provided consulting services in conjunction with Fire Marshal and Architecture/Engineering design team during programming through final design.

City of Elk Grove, CA -- Hired by Elk Grove to provide specialty consulting services. Facility developed incorporated solar photovoltaic array to provide net zero energy on roof. Arranged all-day tour of four notable permanent HHW collection facilities in the Bay Area. Provided leadership in all-day conceptual design workshop with design team. Provided key analysis for design of work areas and met with Fire Marshal and planning commission to vet building features to satisfy zoning, fire, and building code requirements.

Sonoma County, CA -- Contracted by the Sonoma County Waste Management Agency to evaluate the current HHW collection system by benchmark its performance to similar in-state programs. In addition, evaluated existing infrastructure, costs, efficiencies, and the current service levels of the collection system. Finally the first report developed recommendations to expand the infrastructure to provide more even service throughout the county.
A second contract was awarded to provide a financial feasibility model of an expanded system prior to the decision to implement the upgraded infrastructure with up to 5 new collection sites. This second project included surveying capital costs and construction details of possible existing model HHW facilities.

County of Orange, California -- Independent performance audit of a large four-facility HHW collection system. An extensive records review preceded the on-site visits. On-site observations of materials handling and processing procedures were performed as well as evaluations of vendor contract fulfillment, regulatory compliance, customer service, and program administration functions. This performance audit was unique in its broad scope and the large service area population (a million households with 2.8 million residents), second only to Los Angeles on the West coast. The performance audit focused on four program goals: increasing operating efficiencies, cost-effectiveness, regulatory compliance, and diversion of HHW from solid waste disposal. All recommendations were described in terms of which of the goals would be furthered if the recommendation were implemented. Most recommendations are being or have been implemented.

Marion County (Salem), Oregon -- Worked with lead design firm to create conceptual designs and an operations plan to meet fire code, state solid waste permits, County HHW collection plan objectives, and operating efficiencies. Performed site visit, worked through code compliance issues, and provided 50% design drawing review. The chosen site required realignment of access road and surface water management structures to create adequate space for traffic flow and efficient operations. Facility is in operation to serve three counties from the Marion County facility and two box vans which provide collection events in outlying areas.

Boulder County (Boulder), Colorado -- Provided a critique of the County's replacement HHW collection facility conceptual design development plans. The County had outgrown its original HHW collection facility site and needed to expand its services to households as well as to consider the possible inclusion of hazardous waste disposal services to the small business community at a new location. Currently serving on the internal design team. Worked with county staff in developing a design-build RFP, reviewed proposals, sat on design-build team interview panel, and now working with staff and selected design-build firm in detailed design. Project is in final design and permitting phase and is expected to open in 2008

Palm Beach County (West Palm Beach), Florida -- Critiqued existing site plan and preliminary floor plan, evaluated current and future needs documents and toured existing collection system. Used historical data to project most likely waste volumes by waste type. Created storage space requirements by waste type leading to two conceptual facility designs and provided example equipment for optional waste handling methods. Provided independent third-party review of the final design drawings as well as an analysis of likely occupancy ratings and options pursuant to the Florida Building and Fire Code. The new building, constructed in 2003, has a footprint of 12,700 square feet and serves as the hub for the County's multi-site HHW collection facility system.

El Paso County (Colorado Springs), Colorado -- Developed facility storage area requirements for two alternative waste processing scenarios. Documented critical waste types and handling methods to establish basis of design parameters. Wrote memo on common practices for corrosives management to satisfy local fire officials. Created two scale conceptual plan sketches based on the given facility property topography, operations flow, customer convenience, safety, and adjacent property uses. Design included flammable bulking room, drop and swap area, and administrative offices. Independent review of 50% and 90% design drawings. Construction completed in April 2002.

Scott County (Shakopee), Minnesota -- Performed site visit and created initial site layout, building workflow and design sketch which was used as the basis for the final facility detailed design drawings and specifications. Facility is operating.

Santa Clara County (San Martin), California -- Assisted County in the development of site use, preliminary design and matching budget with optimum facility features. Facility is operating.

Ada County (Boise), Idaho -- Planned and led a two-day tour of six operating HHW facilities to acquaint the staff with state-of-the-art facility designs and operating practices; tour included interviews with managers and operators. Afterward, worked with county staff and architecture firm to design first fully-enclosed HHW facility in Idaho. Unique features included installation of a new fire water line and lift station, landscaping and architectural styling, and integration of the City of Boise's mobile HHW collection system. Facility is operating.

Lane County (Eugene), Oregon -- Assisted staff in selecting final site and building orientation for new HHW facility. Developed conceptual design alternatives and preliminary designs. Created planning level budget estimates. Worked closely with local permitting officials and design architect to assure full compliance with local codes and ordinances.

Pacific and Snohomish Counties, Washington -- Evaluated alternative HHW facility sites; advantages of adaptive reuse for existing buildings and assisted in regulatory compliance and facility design process.

Kitsap County, Washington -- Provided critique of conceptual design and draft engineering drawing for county's first HHW facility. Gave expert testimony supporting design at controversial conditional land-use permit hearing.

Northern California Municipal Client -- Performed operations audit of an HHW collection facility at the request of the client. Recommended new equipment and operational changes, as well as potential facility expansion to accommodate higher than expected participation levels. Final recommendations included an estimated 20 percent annual operating cost savings, with improved worker safety, higher levels of recycling, and lower net costs.

Training and Guidelines

NAHMMA HHW Collection Facility Design Workshop. Developed and taught this national training at the NAHMMA annual conference multiple times since 1996.

California State and Florida State. Developed and taught a one-day intensive HHW collection facility design workshops for local government managers and staff at the annual statewide HHW conference.

Washington State. Co-author and lead instructor of a 24-hour health, safety, and hands-on training program for workers and supervisors at facilities that accept HHW or CESQG wastes (first such training for statewide use). Program was created jointly by Washington State Department of Ecology, Westinghouse Hanford Company, Spokane Intercollegiate Research and Technology Institute, and Washington State Department of Labor and Industries.

Indiana. Co-authored "Indiana Guidebook for HHW Facility Managers" with Jack Leonard (Environmental Management Institute) for the Indiana Department of Environmental Management. The guidebook was used in a custom three-day training course for solid waste managers from throughout Indiana. The program included lectures, hands-on exercises, and facility visits.

Washington State. Authored "Moderate Risk Waste Fixed Facility Guidelines" for Washington State Department of Ecology. Guidelines covered HHW and CESQG project development, regulatory considerations, operations and design. More than two dozen facilities have been developed in Washington using this document, which is unique in the United States. The document has been distributed and used nationally since published in 1992.

Program Development, Policy, and Standards

Washington State. Developed scope of work and led team of consultants in research and development of a series of technical and policy issue papers in 1990 for Washington State Department of Ecology. Issue papers covered the following HHW and SQG topics: Design parameters for HHW permanent fixed facilities; efficiencies of collection events and mobile or fixed facilities; technologies for treating or recycling HHW and CESQG wastes; estimates of statewide generation quantities for HHW and CESQG wastes; and water quality impacts from improper disposal of small quantities of hazardous waste.

Assigned statewide lead in implementing the HHW and CESQG initiative within the Washington State Beyond Waste Plan. This is a solid and hazardous waste plan for both government and all other stakeholders in Washington. Its implementation relies to a large extent on forming partnerships with stakeholders and moving toward a more sustainable economy while simultaneously enhancing envrionmental and social resources of the state.

ASTM (American Society for Testing of Materials) Committee D34.04, Waste Minimization (includes HHW). Active committee member in developing two new national standards for HHW operations in the late 1990s. These were: Guide D6498-99, "Standard Guide for Household Hazardous Waste Training Outline for Household Hazardous Waste Collection Operations," and Guide D6346-98, "Standard Guide for Accepting, Segregating and Packaging Materials Collected Through Household Hazardous Waste Programs."

Professional Affiliations and Recognitions

CHMM (Certified Hazardous Materials Managers)

Member, Alliance of Hazardous Materials Professionals (AHMP)

Member, North American Hazardous Materials Management Association (NAHMMA). Adjunct Board of Directors member.

President's Award for Special Service to NAHMMA, in 2006 and 2007.

2008 Outstanding Member Contribution, NAHMMA

Member, Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA)

SWANA Distinguished Achievement Award, Sept. 1996, awarded at WASTECON for work in the Special Waste Management Technical Division

Past Director (1998 - 2001), Special Waste Management Technical Division, SWANA

Certified Manager of Recycling, SWANA

Certified Manager of Landfill Operations, SWANA

HHW Program and Permanent Facility Design

"A Proposed Effectiveness Criterion for HHW Collection Programs.", 2011 Used Oil/HHW Training and Conference; Changing Gears: Staying on Track for the Future, Holiday Inn Capitol Plaza, Sacramento, CA, California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle), March 9, 2011.

"Preliminary National HHW Facility Survey Results." 2011 Used Oil/HHW Training and Conference; Changing Gears: Staying on Track for the Future, Holiday Inn Capitol Plaza, Sacramento, CA, California Department of Resources, Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle), March 9, 2011.

HHW Collection Facility Design Guide - Charting Your Path Through The Household Hazardous Waste Facility Design Process, HHWPlus/Special Waste Associates, Olympia, WA, November 2009.

Household Hazardous Waste & CESQG Collection Operations Training Manual, David Nightingale, Ionie Wallace and Teresa Gilbertson, North American Hazardous Materials Management Association and Solid Waste Association of North America, October 2008.

"HHW Collection Facilities," chapter in Handbook on Household Hazardous Waste, Amy Cabaniss, Editor, Government Institutes, 2008.

HHW Collection Program Performance Auditing- Striving for Increased Effieicncy, Waste Diversion, and Customer Service; Procedings of the California Used Oil Recycling and Household Hazardous Waste Training and Conference; presented with Tim Grogan of the County of Orange Integrated Waste Management Department; Califronia Integrated Waste Management Board, Sacramento, CA, March 2004.

Household Hazardous Wastes, Chapter 10 in Handbook of Solid Waste Management, 2nd Edition, George Tchobanoglous and Frank Kreith Editors, co-authored with Rachel Donnette, McGraw Hill, August 2002.

"Moderate Risk Waste - Problems and Solutions," Presentation for the Washington State Recycling Association, WSRA, Wenatchee, Washington, May 2002.

"Expensive But Smart," pp. 84-90, Waste Age Magazine, Intertec Publishing Corp., Atlanta, Georgia, September 2000.

"HHW 101." Co-authored and presented a one-day overview of HHW management programs. Northwest Hazardous Waste Conference for Household and Small Business Programs, Troutdale, Oregon, May 2000.

"HHW program participation exceed projections and squeeze the budget; Operations audit helps with measured performance improvements," (with Elaine Jacobs). Fourteenth SWANA/NAHMMA Hazardous Materials Management Conference on Household, Small Business and Universal Waste, Tucson, Arizona, November 1999.

"Management Issues at Permanent HHW Centers," (a one-day course with Carolyn Dann, and Lori Segall). SWANA/NAHMMA course at fourteenth SWANA/NAHMMA Hazardous Materials Management Conference, Tucson, Arizona, November 1999.

"Standard Guide for Household Hazardous Waste Training - Outline for Collection Operations," ASTM Subcommittee D-34.04, Household Hazardous Waste. Led and co-authored this standard development process with a group of experts from U.S. Standard. Adopted Oct. 1999.

"Integrated Household Hazardous Waste Programs: Moving Toward Sustainability." Paper presented at SWANA WASTECON 1998 and International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) World Congress 1998, Charlotte, North Carolina, October 1998.

"Choosing the Right Program for Your Community" (workshop and hands-on exercise, with Carolyn Dann). Thirteenth SWANA/NAHMMA Hazardous Materials Management Conference, Kansas City, Kansas, September 1998.

"Indiana Guidebook for HHW Facility Managers," (with Jack Leonard, Ph.D.). Indiana Department of Environmental Management, Indianapolis, Indiana, June 1998.

"Household Hazardous Material Management," in , Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, Robert Meyers (ed.), co-authored with Joan D. Sulzberg, Ph.D., John Wiley & Sons, Vol. 4, pp. 2165-2191, March 1998.

"Welcome to the Dawning of the HHW Industrial Revolution." Paper presented at California Statewide Household Hazardous Waste Conference, Pacific Grove, California, March 1998.

"Physical Hazards - The Most Common Injury at Permanent Fixed Facilities." Paper presented at California Statewide Household Hazardous Waste Conference, Pacific Grove, California, March 1998.

"Lessons from Collection Facilities Operating at Least Six Years," (with Bill McLain, City of Tacoma Solid Waste Utility). Twelfth Annual Hazardous Waste Conference on Household, Small Business, and Universal Wastes, SWANA/ NAHMMA, San Diego, California, November 1997.

"HHW Facilities - Get it Right the First Time." Paper presented at HHW Programs Annual Information Exchange (California EPA, Toxic Substances Control Agency), Asilomar, California, February 1997.

"Flexible State Permitting at Fixed Facilities." Paper presented at Tenth Annual Hazardous Materials Management Conference on Household, Small Business, and Universal Wastes (USEPA and International City/County Management Association [ICMA]), December 1995.

"Designing Hazwaste Collection Facilities." World Wastes, June 1995.

"Moderate Risk Waste Facility Operators Training." Washington State Department of Ecology, Westinghouse Hanford Co., Spokane Intercollegiate Research and Technology Institute, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, March 1995.

"Design and Operational Efficiencies at Fixed Facilities." Paper presented at Ninth Annual Household Hazardous Waste Conference (USEPA and International City/County Management Association [ICMA]), Austin, Texas, November 1994.

"Storage of Flammable Liquids and Hazardous Materials." Paper presented at Hazmat/Environmental Expo, Seattle, Washington, June 1994.

"Moderate Risk Waste Fixed Facility Guidelines." Washington State Department of Ecology, Publication 92-13, March 1992 (rev. 1995).

"Small Quantity Generators Hazardous Waste Collection in Rural Areas." Conference on Hazardous Waste: The Next Generation, Local Government Involvement in Hazardous Waste Planning (Washington State Department of Ecology, Urban Consortium Task Force, and Seattle Office of Long-range Planning), Seattle, Washington, September 1989.